6 Sunday, September 13, 2015 4(!.+9/5&OR6OTING &LOOR$ÏCORASONEOFTHE"%34 7%7/5,$.4"%(%2% )&)47%2%.4&/29/5 ).42/$5#).' !,UXURY6INYL0LANKTHAT ISSAFEWATERPROOFDURABLEAFFORDABLE )TLOOKSSOREALEVEN-OTHER.ATUREHASTOLOOKTWICE 7ECARRYAVARIETYOFPRODUCTSINCLUDING ,AMINATEs7OODs#ARPETs6INYLs#ERAMIC4ILE .ATURAL3TONEs7INDOW#OVERINGS -ANONO3TREET(ILOACROSS(AWAIIAN3TYLE#AFÏ s&LOOR$ECOR(I HOTMAILCOM -ONDAYn3ATURDAYAMPM H s&REE$ESIGN #ONSULTATION s3ENIOR-ILITARY $ISCOUNTS Hawaii Tribune-Herald EAST HAWAII F.A.Q. BOOK Erosion took hold, carving gulches and deep valleys into the shields. Catastrophic flank collapses took huge bites out of the unsupported sides. Hawaii Island is the youngest in the chain at a mere 800,000 years old and is comprised of five volcanoes. Kilauea, one of the most active volcanoes in the world, is among the most famous. At Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, visitors can drive or walk to the lip of the caldera. Those with a map, walking shoes and a bottle of water should take a short walk on any of the many trails that crisscross the park. The park will celebrate its 100th birthday next year. Beginning in 2008, a series of explosive eruptions opened a gaping hole in the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u crater, and a lava lake emerged. Although the lake is hidden from view from the caldera overlook, smoke and fumes billow from it by day, and a reddish glow can be seen at night. Looming over Kilauea volcano is Mauna Loa, or “long mountain” in Hawaiian. Although it stands only 13,677 feet above sea level, more than half the volcano’s height — some 18,000 feet — lies below the ocean floor. So much mass is piled up on one spot that it pushes the crust down another 26,000 feet. Add to that the volcano’s 60-mile length and 30-mile width, and you’ve got 10,000 cubic miles, or about 18 times the mass of California’s Mount Shasta. Mauna Loa has erupted 33 times within recorded history. In 1984, flows from the volcano threatened Hilo. Volcanologists are monitoring it constantly for signs of an impending eruption. Nearby Mauna Kea, standing at 13,796 feet tall, hasn’t erupted in 4,500 years. Although it is expected to erupt again, it probably won’t be within your lifetime. This is good news for astronomers who have used it as the world’s premier site for astronomy. The summit of Mauna Kea is a sacred area for some Native Hawaiians, and most car rental companies don’t allow vehicles to take the road past the Visitor Information Station at the 9,200-foot elevation level. In winter months, snow caps the peaks. Mauna Kea is Hawaiian for “white mountain.” Near Kailua-Kona is 8,271-foot Hualalai, which last erupted in 1801. Volcanologists consider Hualalai still to be active; in 1929, a shallow magma intrusion created a damaging earthquake swarm and led to fears of an imminent eruption. Although little activity exists here now, it might erupt within the next century. Kona International Airport was built on land covered by the volcano’s last eruption. Finally, on the island’s northern fringe is Kohala, the oldest volcano and the only one that is extinct. Forests and pasture land cover its slopes, and on the seaward side thousand-foot cliffs alternate with dramatic flat valley floors. In ancient times this area teemed with life; Waipio Valley supported 10,000 taro farmers. Kohala’s last eruption was about 120,000 years ago. The only forces that scour Kohala now are the misty rains and the trade winds. OLD From page 5 We are honored to serve our community. Together we support local farmers & agriculture. WITH THIS AD, ENJOY FINALIST $1 Off ANY SMOOTHIE Valid till 2/29/16 934-0002 1472 Kilauea Ave. Suite#3 • Hilo Best Smoothie! Best Vegetarian F ood!
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