CUSTOM METAL ROOFING WINDOWS & DOORS CABINETS & COUNTERTOPS INTERIOR & EXTERIOR PAINT FROM YOUR FOUNDATION TO YOUR ROOF & EVERYTHING IN BETWEEN, WE’LL HELP YOU BUILD BETTER HILO 935-0875 • KONA 334-4200 • WAIMEA 885-6036 • KEA`AU 966-5466 KAUA`I 332-7376 • O`AHU & MAUI 682-8560 • ONLINE HPMHAWAII.COM April 17, 2016 • 7 a great political opportunity to sell the idea of the park, accompanied them to Kilauea and personally toured them around, with the assistance of Alec Lancaster, one of the very first park guides. Thurston and Jaggar made several speeches on the significance of Kilauea, and for the first time the inclusion into the proposed boundary of Haleakala Crater on Maui was mentioned. James A. Martine, a senator from New Jersey, pledged his support and the Hilo Tribune on May 18, 1915, reported on the “warm responses of support from the influential sources.” By December 1915, the bill to create a national park in Hawaii was pending before the House Committee for Public Lands, but it was in trouble. Jaggar was in Washington, D.C., so Pinkham and Sidney Gallou of the Honolulu Chamber of Commerce asked him to help. Jaggar found out the committee took issue with the amount of money requested for the purchase of private lands, and Congress thought the existing parks were a burden on the federal treasury and development of parks was a local issue. Friendly congressmen advised Jaggar to “remove the private landholdings from the current acquisition,” but to include them “as possible additions in the future.” They also recommended he “ask for no immediate funding to create the park,” and to “add in any other land areas of interest” because it would be easiest to add it now than include it in the future. On the final piece of advice, Jaggar added the summit of Haleakala on Maui and a strip of land connecting the Mauna Loa and Kilauea sections. The original bill was withdrawn and rewritten. Before the bill’s hearings, Jaggar did some last-minute campaigning through lectures he gave on Kilauea and Mauna Loa and threw some private parties on his own dime. In their testimony to Congress on Feb. 3, 1916, Jaggar, Kalanianaole and Gallou stressed that the public lands were sufficient at this time to form the national park. Despite their testimony, the congressional committee added two stipulations to the bill. The first was that “no appropriations would be passed until all private lands within the park had ceded necessary easements and rights of ways to make the park accessible,” and second that “any annual appropriations would not exceed $10,000.” With these last two provisions included, the bill to create Hawaii National Park was signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on Aug. 1, 1916. Because of the last-minute changes to the bill, it took five years for all of the necessary easements and rights of way to be obtained. Once this was accomplished, Congress finally appropriated funding to the park. This momentous event was acknowledged July 9, 1921, with a gathering of 250 people at Halema‘uma‘u to celebrate the official opening of the park. Jadelyn Moniz Nakamura is the integrated resources manager/ archeologist for HVNP. SACRED From page 6 Because of the last- minute changes to the bill, it took five years for all of the necessary easements and rights of way to be obtained. Once this was accomplished, Congress finally appropriated funding to the park. This momentous event was acknowledged July 9, 1921, with a gathering of 250 people at Halema‘uma‘u to celebrate the official opening of the park.
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