14-15 • April 17, 2016 Top 10 fun facts about HVNP 10 9 In 1921, the first year park visitation was recorded, 16,071 people visited Hawaii National Park. Last year, 1,832,660 people visited – an increase of 11,304 percent! Aviator Amelia Earhart visited the park in 1935, one of many notable visitors to Kilauea during the past century. In 1965, NASA sent astronauts to Hawaii for geological field training. NASA hoped the active shield volcanoes would provide explanations for certain geological features on the Earth’s moon that 8 were thought to be caused by shield volcanoes. The third day of the field trip included a visit to Kilauea Iki Crater. A wooden boardwalk once led from the Kilauea Iki parking lot to the Pu‘u Pua‘i parking area, and was referred to as the Devastation Nature 7 Trail. Devastation Trail today is paved and is accessible for wheelchairs. thatched hut. A night’s stay cost $1. 6 The first Volcano House “hotel” was built and named by Benjamin Pittman Sr., a one-room Rocker Chris Isaak’s alluring video “Wicked Game” was filmed in the park at Kamoamoa Beach in 1991. Several weeks later, the black sand beach was consumed by lava. 5 3 4 Nene, the endangered Hawaiian A 6.6-magnitude earthquake goose, are the sole surviving species of several different types of geese that migrated and evolved in Hawaii. By the 1950s, their population dwindled down to 30 birds. Today, thanks to vigorous conservation efforts, there are more than 250 nene in the park, and more than 2,500 statewide. in November 1983 destroyed part of Crater Rim Drive near Waldron Ledge, and resulted in permanent closure of that portion of the road, which was rebuilt and rerouted. Former Park Superintendent Edward Wingate (Nov. 15, 1933 to March 31, 1946) is the longest-tenured superintendent in the park’s 100- 2 year history. In two months, current Superintendent Cindy Orlando (a graduate of Leilehua High School on Oahu) will exceed Wingate’s record. At 333,086 acres, or 520 square miles, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is almost as large as the entire island of Oahu (597 square miles). 1 Managers describe daily operations like “running a small city.” A map segment of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park.
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