10 • April 17, 2016 HAWAI‘I VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK CENTENNIAL Best Fine Dining Best Pau/Hana/ Happy Hour Mexican Fiesta Mondays Wack-O-Lamb Lobster Lovers Hilo Sturgeon Sundays Pau Hana Sunday Brunch Wednesdays Thursdays 2-5pm 11am-2pm 45 Years! NEW! Tiki Bar Live Local Music! Open Daily 11am-10pm www.pondshilo.com 135 Kalanianaole Ave. • 934-7663 (POND) ‘apapane, ‘amakihi, ‘elepaio and the Hawaiian thrush, or ‘oma‘o. On clear days, visitors can hike the Mauna Loa Trail and see an expansive view of the east rift zone of Kilauea as well as the two volcanic plumes from Kilauea and Pu‘u ‘O‘o. In early summer, visitors might get lucky and observe the stunning bloom of the Ka‘u silversword that occurs only once in the plant’s lifetime. In a race to save this rare plant from extinction, we work with the Hawaiian Silversword Foundation to propagate and plant seedlings for reintroduction. Kipukapuaulu This kipuka is among the park’s most biologically rich sites, with more varieties of tree species than any other forest stand in the park. These include a one-of-a-kind endangered hibiscus, the hau kuahiwi, which can be viewed along the easy 1.2-mile trail. Kipukapuaulu was nearly lost to cattle grazing in the early 1900s. In the early Celebrating Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Centennial! Best Breakfast 19 years in a row! 100 years 1920s, the area was fenced to protect the remaining biota from the ravages of cattle, followed by decades of weed removal. The result was the spectacular regeneration of thousands of young native trees and ferns that have in turn attracted the return of native wildlife, including endemic longhorn beetles and the only two Hawaiian butterflies, Kamehameha and Blackburn. Keanakako‘i and Devastation This SEA is a striking example of life after lava. Heavy cinderfall from the 1959 explosive eruption of Pu‘u Pua‘i left the area desolate. During the past 50 years, scientists have carefully documented the recovery of plant and animal life, beginning with small lichens and ferns, then ‘ohi’a, ‘ohelo and other native plants and non-native weeds. Along the easy 1-mile accessible trail, hikers can observe this ZONES From page 8 See ZONES Page 12 Endangered hau kuahiwi at Kipukapuaulu.
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